A short history of Australia

Long before European exploration, Australia was inhabited by indigenous peoples, known as Aborigines, for over 65,000 years. In 1770, Captain James Cook claimed the eastern coast of Australia for Britain. The penal colony of New South Wales was established in 1788, and free settlers began to arrive. Gold was discovered in the 1850s, leading to a gold rush and increased immigration.

During the early 20th century, Australia became a federated nation, and its states united under a single constitution in 1901. Australia served alongside British forces in both World War I and World War II. After the wars, Australia saw significant economic growth and development.

In recent years, Australia has become known for its multiculturalism, strong economy, and beautiful landscapes. It continues to be a prominent player on the world stage, maintaining relationships with countries around the globe.

FAQ for Australia

What is the capital of Australia?

Canberra is the capital city of Australia.

What language is spoken in Australia?

English is the official language of Australia.

What is the population of Australia?

As of 2021, the population of Australia is approximately 26 million people (Source).

What is the climate like in Australia?

Australia has a diverse climate, ranging from tropical in the north to temperate in the south.

What animals are unique to Australia?

Australia is home to unique animals like the kangaroo, koala, emu, and platypus.

What is the time zone in Australia?

Australia has several time zones, including Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST), Australian Central Standard Time (ACST), and Australian Western Standard Time (AWST).

Is Australia part of the Commonwealth?

Yes, Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

What are the major cities in Australia?

The major cities in Australia include Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

What are the key industries in Australia?

The key industries in Australia are mining, agriculture, financial services, and tourism.

Is healthcare free in Australia?

Australia has a public healthcare system called Medicare, which provides free or subsidized healthcare services to citizens and most permanent residents.

What is the best way to get to Australia?

The best way to get to Australia is typically by air, with major international airports in cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane.

What is Australia famous for?

Australia is famous for its unique wildlife, beautiful landscapes, Aboriginal culture, and landmarks like the Sydney Opera House and the Great Barrier Reef.

What are five interesting facts about Australia?

  • 1. Australia is the only country that covers an entire continent.
  • 2. The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system.
  • 3. Australia has over 10,000 beaches.
  • 4. The indigenous cultures of Australia are the oldest continuous cultures in the world.
  • 5. The kangaroo and emu were chosen for the Australian Coat of Arms because they cannot walk backward, symbolizing progress.

How did Australia get its name?

The name "Australia" comes from the Latin "Australis," meaning "southern," reflecting its location in the southern hemisphere.

What are some travel tips for Australia?

When traveling to Australia, consider the vast distances between cities, observe local wildlife safety, wear sunscreen due to the strong sun, and be mindful of water safety at the beach.

Do I need a visa?

Most visitors to Australia require a visa, although New Zealand citizens may be exempt. It's essential to check and apply for the appropriate visa before traveling.

When is the best time to visit Australia?

The best time to visit Australia depends on the region, as the climate varies. Generally, December to February is summer, while June to August is winter.

Are there local customs I should know for Australia?

  • Drinking: Legal drinking age is 18.
  • Greetings: A friendly handshake, smile, and eye contact are common.
  • Public transit: Queuing and courtesy are expected.

What are the voltage/plug types?

The voltage is 230V, and the standard plug type is Type I with three flat pins.

What is the currency?

The currency in Australia is the Australian Dollar (AUD).

Are ATMs readily accessible?

Yes, ATMs are widely available throughout Australia.

Are credit cards widely accepted?

Credit cards are widely accepted, and contactless payments are common.

Can you use ApplePay and Google Pay?

Yes, ApplePay and Google Pay are commonly accepted in Australia.

How much do I tip in Australia?


  • Restaurants/bars: Not expected, but appreciated for excellent service.
  • Hotels: Not customary, but can tip for exceptional service.
  • Taxis: Not expected, but can round up the fare.
  • Tour guides: Optional, based on satisfaction.

Accommodation in Australia