Melbourne

Short History of Melbourne

Founded on the banks of the Yarra River by free settlers in 1835, Melbourne was originally part of the New South Wales colony.

The city was officially named Melbourne in 1837, after the then British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. The discovery of gold in Victoria in the 1850s led to a population boom and an influx of migrants from around the world, establishing Melbourne as one of the world's wealthiest cities by the 1880s.

However, the late 19th century brought economic depression, and it was not until after World War II that the city experienced another significant growth period. As Australia’s cultural capital, Melbourne is renowned for its Victorian-era architecture, extensive shopping, galleries, theatres, and large parks and gardens.

City Founded Population (2021) Elevation
1835 5.15 million 31m (101ft)

Temperature by Seasons

Season (Month) High Temp (°C / °F) Low Temp (°C / °F)
Summer (Dec - Feb) 25°C / 77°F 14°C / 57°F
Autumn (Mar - May) 20°C / 68°F 11°C / 52°F
Winter (Jun - Aug) 14°C / 57°F 7°C / 45°F
Spring (Sep - Nov) 20°C / 68°F 9°C / 48°F
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