Mexico City

A short history of Mexico City

Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, has a fascinating history that dates back to ancient times. The city was originally founded by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, which became one of the largest and most powerful cities in the pre-Columbian Americas. In 1521, the Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés conquered the city and established Mexico City as the capital of New Spain.

Over the centuries, Mexico City has witnessed significant historical events, including the Mexican War of Independence in the early 19th century and the Mexican Revolution in the early 20th century. Today, it stands as a vibrant metropolis that beautifully blends its rich indigenous heritage with Spanish colonial influences.

FAQ for Mexico City

What is the best way to get there?

  • By air: Mexico City has an international airport, Benito Juárez International Airport, which is well-connected to major cities around the world.
  • By bus: There are several bus companies that operate routes to Mexico City from various destinations in Mexico.
  • By car: If you prefer driving, Mexico City is accessible via well-maintained highways.

What is Mexico City famous for?

  • Mexico City is famous for its rich history, vibrant culture, and delicious cuisine.
  • It is home to numerous UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the historic center and the ancient city of Teotihuacan.
  • The city is renowned for its impressive museums, such as the National Museum of Anthropology and the Frida Kahlo Museum.

What are five interesting facts about Mexico City?

  • Mexico City is one of the highest-altitude capitals in the world, sitting at an elevation of 2,240 meters (7,350 feet).
  • It is built on the ruins of the ancient Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan.
  • The city has the second-largest number of museums in the world, after London.
  • Mexico City's subway system is one of the largest and busiest in the world.
  • The city is known for its vibrant street art scene, with colorful murals adorning many buildings.

How did Mexico City get its name?

Mexico City derived its name from the Aztec word "Mexica," which referred to the indigenous people who founded the city of Tenochtitlan.

What are some travel tips for Mexico City?

  • Stay hydrated and use sunscreen, as the city's high altitude and sunny climate can be intense.
  • Try the local cuisine, including street food like tacos and tamales.
  • Use reputable taxi services or ride-sharing apps for transportation.
  • Be cautious of your belongings and avoid displaying expensive items.
  • Learn a few basic Spanish phrases to enhance your interactions with locals.

Do I need a visa?

Visa requirements vary depending on your nationality. It is advisable to check with the Mexican embassy or consulate in your country for the most up-to-date information.

When is the best time to visit Mexico City?

Mexico City has a pleasant climate year-round, but the best time to visit is during the dry season from November to April when the weather is mild and rainfall is minimal.

Are there local customs I should know about?

When visiting Mexico City, it is customary to greet people with a handshake or a kiss on the cheek. It is also polite to say "buen provecho" before starting a meal and to leave a small tip for service providers.

What is the time zone for Mexico City?

Mexico City operates on Central Standard Time (CST), which is UTC-6.

What are the voltage/plug types?

The voltage in Mexico City is 127V, and the plug types commonly used are Type A and Type B, which have two flat pins or two flat pins with a grounding pin, respectively.

What is the currency?

The currency of Mexico City is the Mexican Peso (MXN).

Are ATMs readily accessible?

ATMs are widely available throughout Mexico City, especially in tourist areas and major commercial centers.

Are credit cards widely accepted in Mexico City?

Major credit cards, such as Visa and Mastercard, are generally accepted in hotels, restaurants, and larger establishments. However, it is advisable to carry some cash for smaller businesses and street vendors.

Can you use ApplePay and Google Pay?

ApplePay and Google Pay are not widely accepted in Mexico City. It is recommended to carry physical cash or use credit/debit cards for transactions.

How much do I tip in restaurants/bars, hotels, taxis, tour guides, etc.?

Tipping customs in Mexico City are similar to those in the United States. It is customary to leave a tip of around 10-15% of the total bill in restaurants and bars. For hotels, it is common to tip the bellboy and housekeeping staff. Tipping tour guides and taxi drivers is also appreciated, but the amount can vary based on the service provided.

Accommodation in Mexico City

City Information for Mexico City

Founded Population Elevation
1325 9.2 million Source 2,240 meters (7,350 feet)

Average temperatures for Mexico City

Season/Month Temperature (Celsius) Temperature (Fahrenheit)
Winter (December - February) 12°C - 21°C 54°F - 70°F
Spring (March - May) 13°C - 24°C 55°F - 75°F
Summer (June - August) 14°C - 23°C 57°F - 73°F
Fall (September - November) 12°C - 22°C 54°F - 72°F
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