A short history of Baltimore

Baltimore, located in the state of Maryland, has a fascinating history that dates back to its founding in 1729. Originally settled as a port town, Baltimore quickly became a major center for trade and commerce. It played a significant role in the American Revolution and the War of 1812, earning the nickname "The Monumental City" for its numerous historical landmarks.

During the 19th century, Baltimore experienced rapid industrialization and became a hub for manufacturing and shipping. It was also a key player in the development of the railroad industry, with the first long-distance railway in the United States originating from the city.

In the 20th century, Baltimore faced challenges such as deindustrialization and urban decay. However, the city underwent revitalization efforts, leading to the transformation of its waterfront and the development of cultural attractions. Today, Baltimore is known for its vibrant arts scene, renowned museums, and diverse neighborhoods.

FAQ for Baltimore

What is the best way to get there?

  • By air: Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport is the primary airport serving the city.
  • By train: Amtrak offers convenient rail connections to Baltimore.
  • By car: Major highways provide easy access to the city.
  • What is this city famous for?

  • Baltimore is famous for its delicious seafood, particularly its crab cakes.
  • The city is home to the iconic National Aquarium, showcasing a diverse range of marine life.
  • Baltimore is known for its rich African American history and heritage, with attractions like the Reginald F. Lewis Museum.
  • What are five interesting facts about the city?

  • Baltimore is the birthplace of the Star-Spangled Banner, written by Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812.
  • The city is home to the oldest continuously operating public market in the United States, Lexington Market.
  • Baltimore is known for its unique marble steps, which can be found throughout the city.
  • The famous writer Edgar Allan Poe lived and died in Baltimore, and his grave is a popular tourist attraction.
  • Baltimore is home to Johns Hopkins University, one of the leading research institutions in the world.
  • How did this city get its name?

  • Baltimore was named after Lord Baltimore, the founder of the Maryland colony.
  • What are some travel tips for the city?

  • Explore the Inner Harbor, a vibrant waterfront area with shops, restaurants, and attractions.
  • Visit Fort McHenry, the historic site that inspired the national anthem.
  • Try the local cuisine, especially the famous Maryland blue crabs.
  • Take a water taxi or a harbor cruise to enjoy scenic views of the city.
  • Do I need a visa?

  • Visa requirements depend on your nationality. Check with the relevant embassy or consulate before traveling.
  • When is the best time to visit the city?

  • The best time to visit Baltimore is during the spring and fall when the weather is pleasant.
  • Are there local customs I should know for i.e. Drinking, Greetings, Public transit?

  • Drinking age is 21 years old. Greetings are typically casual and friendly. Public transit options include buses, light rail, and the subway.
  • What is the time zone for the city?

  • Baltimore operates on Eastern Standard Time (EST) during standard time and Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) during daylight saving time.
  • What are the voltage/plug types?

  • The voltage in Baltimore is 120V, and the plug type is Type A and B (North American standard).
  • What is the currency?

  • The currency used in Baltimore is the United States Dollar (USD).
  • Are ATMs readily accessible?

  • ATMs are readily accessible throughout the city, especially in commercial areas and tourist areas.
  • Are credit cards widely accepted?

  • Yes, credit cards are widely accepted in most establishments in Baltimore.
  • Can you use ApplePay and Google Pay?

  • Yes, ApplePay and Google Pay are accepted in many stores, restaurants, and other establishments.
  • How much do I tip in Restaurants/bars, Hotels, Taxis, Tour guides etc.?

  • Restaurants/bars: 15-20% of the total bill.
  • Hotels: $2-5 per night for housekeeping.
  • Taxis: 15-20% of the fare.
  • Tour guides: $5-10 per person for a half-day tour, $10-20 per person for a full-day tour.
  • City Information for Baltimore

    Founded Population Elevation
    1729 569,931 Source 30 feet

    Average temperatures for Baltimore

    Season/Month Temperature (Celsius) Temperature (Fahrenheit)
    Spring (March - May) 10-20°C 50-68°F
    Summer (June - August) 20-30°C 68-86°F
    Fall (September - November) 10-20°C 50-68°F
    Winter (December - February) -1-7°C 30-45°F
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