Short History

Atlanta, Georgia's vibrant capital, emerged from the ashes of the American Civil War to become a thriving centre for commerce, technology, and arts.

Founded as Terminus in 1837, the city was a terminus of the Western and Atlantic railroad. Renamed Atlanta in 1847, it quickly grew due to its strategic location as a railway hub. During the Civil War, it was a critical military supply centre, which led to its decimation during General Sherman's infamous March to the Sea in 1864.

Rising from its ashes like a phoenix – which is now its symbol – Atlanta grew rapidly during the Reconstruction era, later becoming a pivotal location in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 60s, led by native son Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Today, it is a bustling metropolis, recognized for its world-class dining, vibrant culture, and prominent role in the global economy.


What is the best way to get there?

The Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is a major hub. You can also drive on interstates I-20, I-75, or I-85, or take an Amtrak train.

Do I need a visa?

Visitors from certain countries may require a visa to enter the United States. Check the US Department of State's website for details.

When is the best time to visit?

Spring and Fall are the best seasons due to pleasant weather and numerous festivals.

Are there local customs I should know?

  • Drinking: Georgia's drinking age is 21.
  • Greetings: Southerners are known for their hospitality. A friendly "Hello" or "Good morning" is common.
  • Public transit: MARTA is the primary public transit. Remember to offer your seat to the elderly or pregnant women.

What is the time zone?

Eastern Standard Time (EST) or Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) during daylight saving.

What are the voltage/plug types?

Standard U.S. plugs: Type A or B, 120V, 60Hz.

What is the currency?

U.S. dollar (USD)

Are ATMs readily accessible?

Yes, ATMs are widely available in Atlanta.

Are credit cards widely accepted?

Yes, most places accept credit cards.

Can you use Apple Pay and Google Pay?

Yes, many places in Atlanta accept both Apple Pay and Google Pay.

How much do I tip?

Typical tips range from 15%-20% in restaurants/bars, $1-$2 per bag in hotels, 10%-15% of the fare in taxis, and $10-$20 per person per day for tour guides.

City Details

City Founding Year Population (2023) Elevation
1837 490,700 (source) 1,050 feet (320 meters)


Seasons/Months High Temp (°C / °F) Low Temp (°C / °F)
Spring (March - May) 22 / 72 10 / 50
Summer (June - August) 31 / 88 20 / 68
Fall (September - November) 22 / 72 10 / 50
Winter (December - February) 13 / 55 1 / 34